Lesson 3, Topic 1
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Topic 1: Career Opportunities

March 12, 2019
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There are many different branches of psychology, many of which require specific qualifications, and have very different job descriptions. Here is a break down of a few different professions within the field of psychology:

Clinical psychologist

A clinical psychologist deals with the diagnosis and treatment of mental, emotional and behavioural disorders and clinical conditions such as depression, eating disorders, post traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and personality disorders, to name a few. A clinical psychologist could work anywhere from schools and hospitals to private practices.

Educational  psychologist

An educational psychologist works with children and young people, generally in the capacity of tackling learning difficulties as well as social and emotional problems. Educational psychologists often work with schools or from private practices.  In order to practice as an educational psychologist, you would require an undergraduate and honours degree in psychology, a teaching qualification as well as a master degree in educational psychology.

Industrial or organisational psychologist

An industrial or organisational psychologist works within workplaces to optimise the systems and practices within human resources, recruitment, management and administration.  An industrial or organizational psychologist could also be involved in training and policy planning within a company or organisation.

Research psychologist

A research psychologist generally stays within academia (at a university) and conducts research within the field of psychology. Research psychologists are responsible for expanding and exploring the parameters of psychological research. As well as conducting research, a research psychologist could also be involved in lecturing and consulting for government and private organisations.


Neuropsychology is an intersection of psychology (the study of the mind and human behaviour) and neurology (the study of the brain). A neuropsychologist therefore studies how the brain and central nervous system affect human behavior. This would involve working with patients who have experienced a traumatic brain injury or are suffering from a neurological disorder.   

Forensic psychologist

A forensic psychologist applies psychological practices in criminal investigations and legal scenarios. This could involve testifying in court, interviewing and diagnosing individuals charges with crimes, as well as screening potential law enforcement professionals

Registered counsellor

A counselor is essentially a ‘psychologist paramedic’, in the sense that they provide immediate, short-term support in traumatic crises. Counselors can work anywhere from police stations and prisons, to youth or community centers and schools. A counsellor would generally refer clients on to appropriate professionals after initial intervention.