Science Careers

science careers

Bachelor of Science

The Bachelor of Science degree (BSc) provides students with the opportunity to acquire specific knowledge and skills in the area of science to further their science careers. The curricula is designed to provide students with the adequate foundations and depth in their chosen field but at the same time also attain to generic skills such as numeracy, problem solving and computer and communication skills which are essential skills needed in order to complete the course and graduate.

The variety of science careers allows the freedom to pick from many different science streams which will ultimately lead to dream science careers.

FYI:

  • Subject requirements may differ slightly at each university.
  • Associated salary depends on which route you choose to take with your degree, the given associated salary is not completely accurate and is just to give you an idea of what to expect.
Degree: BSc Possible Careers: What you need to do to study this:
BSc in Biodiversity and Ecology

Average starting salary of R9,479.25 a month.

  • Biologist
  • ecologist
  • environmental consultant
  • life sciences teacher
  • researcher
  • environmental impact expert
  • plant specialist
  • conservation scientist
  • environmental educator
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans OR English(Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60%
Human Life Sciences

Average starting salary of R16,000 a month.

  • Physiologist
  • biochemist
  • geneticist or psychologist (with necessary
    postgraduate qualification)
  • medical representative
  • laboratory analyst
  • life sciences or life orientation teacher
  • stem cell researcher
  • anthropometrist
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans OR English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%

For the biology stream:

  • Mathematics 60% OR 70%(depending on your subject choice)

For the biology with psychology stream:

  • Mathematics 60%
Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Average starting salary of R12,000 a month.

  • Forensic expert
  • life sciences teacher
  • biofuel developer
  • water expert
  • geneticist
  • microbiologists
  • biochemists
  • and biotechnologists work on human, plant and animal cells, yeasts, bacteria, fungi and viruses to develop disease-free plants, new medicines, or enzymes useful in industry or mining
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans OR English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60% or 70% (depending on your subject choices)
Sport Science

Average starting salary of R16,565.25 a month.

  • Sport coach
  • sports manager
  • sport scientist
  • sport physiologist
  • work with persons with disabilities
  • fitness instructor
  • biokineticist (with the necessary postgraduate qualification)
  • sport or life orientation teacher
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans or English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60%
Geinformatics

Average starting salary of R11,983.08 a month.

  • Geographical information science practitioner
  • Geography teacher
  • GIS and earth observation specialists working for environmental consultancy groups
  • planning and engineering firms
  • programme development and computer consultancy groups on all levels of government involved in resource and infrastructure management
  • agencies concerned with natural and human resource development programmes
  • mineral exploration and mining
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans or English (Home Language and First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60% OR 70% (depending on subject choices)
Chemistry

Average starting salary of R12,416.67 a month.

  • Polymer chemist, materials expert: Careers in packaging, paint, adhesives and textile industries
  • Analytical chemist: Planning and operation of chemical plants, development of analytical methods and production processes, marketing of chemicals and scientific instruments, physical science teacher, environmental scientist
  • Organic and biochemist: forensic analyst, manufacturer of pesticides, pharmaceutical products, cosmetic and fragrance products, chemist working in process and quality control of raw materials and manufactured products
  • Careers in textile industry: product developer, textile scientist, technical sales manager, production manager, quality manager, buyer, researcher
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans OR English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
Earth Sciences

Average starting salary of R13,276.75 a month.

  • Geologist and earth scientist
  • geologist
  • mining geologist
  • environmental rehabilitation engineer
  • physical science or geography teacher
  • exploration consultant
  • environmental geochemist
  • hydrologist
  • seismologist
  • rock expert
  • marine geologist
  • applied mineralogist
  • volcanologist
  • geophysicist
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans and English(Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60% OR 70% (depending on your subject choices)
Physics

Average starting salary of R19,997.92 a month.

  • Nuclear physicist: Research opportunities at iThemba Labs, Eskom, CSIR, Sasol and SABS
  • Laser physicist: optical systems, communication, medicine, ecology, forensic science, defence
  • Radiation physicist: Monitoring of radiation risks for the Department of Health, nuclear power stations, mines
  • Theoretical physics: Work in broad fields of information technology, geology, biological and economic sciences
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans or English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
Mathematical Sciences

Average starting salary of R25,000 a month.

  • Applied mathematics: Consultant in engineering industry, programmer, expert in moelling of dynamic processes, image processing, numerical methods and flow modelling in bankig/engineering/computer industry.
  • Bio-mathematics: Pharmaceutical industry, government health organisations, agricultural and environmental sectors, researcher at an academic institution in molecular and systems biology, bioinformatics and ecology
  • Financial mathematics: banking, insurance and with investment institutions
  • Mathematical statistics: analyse and interpret data for banking and insurane industries, statistician, academic
  • Mathematics: banking, investment and insurance sectors, mathematics teacher
  • Operations research: Consultant, process or systems optimiser, logistics expert, project developer, planner, researcher, business analyst
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans or English (Home Language and First Additional Language) 50%
  • Mathematics 60%
  • If Physics or Chemistry take in university then :
  • Physical Sciences 50%

For the Biomathematics focus:

  • Physical Sciences 50%
Archaeology

An average salary of R26,963 a month.

  • Field technician
  • project archaeologist
  • manager
  • academic archaeologist
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 60%
Computer Science

Average starting salary of R11,791.66 a month.

  • Database administrator
  • games developer
  • IT consultant
  • systems developer
  • systems analyst
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 60%
Statistical Sciences

Average starting salary of R20854.33 a month.

  • Statistician
  • actuary
  • risk analysis
  • trading
  • financial services
  • research
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 60%
Food Science

Average starting salary of R13,861.17 a month.

  • Researcher
  • food and beverage quality manager
  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 60%

Degree: BSc (Biodiversity and Ecology)

Average starting salary of R9,479.25 a month

Possible Careers:

  • biologist
  • ecologist
  • environmental consultant
  • life sciences teacher
  • researcher
  • environmental impact expert
  • plant specialist
  • conservation scientist
  • environmental educator

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans OR English(Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60%

Degree: BSc (Human Life Sciences)

Average starting salary of R16,000 a month

Possible Careers:

  • physiologist
  • biochemist
  • geneticist or psychologist (with necessary postgraduate qualification)
  • medical representative
  • laboratory analyst
  • life sciences or life orientation teacher
  • stem cell researcher
  • anthropometrist

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans OR English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%

For the biology stream:

  • Mathematics 60% OR 70%(depending on your subject choice)

For the biology with psychology stream:

  • Mathematics 60%

Degree: BSc (Molecular Biology and Biotechnology)

Average starting salary of R12,000 a month

Possible Careers:

  • forensic expert
  • life sciences teacher
  • biofuel developer
  • water expert
  • geneticist
  • microbiologists
  • biochemists
  • biotechnologists work on human, plant and animal cells, yeasts, bacteria, fungi and viruses to develop disease-free plants, new medicines, or enzymes useful in industry or mining

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans OR English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60% or 70% (depending on your subject choices)

Degree: BSc (Sport Science)

Average starting salary of R16,565.25 a month

Possible Careers:

  • sport coach
  • sports manager
  • sport scientist
  • sport physiologist
  • work with persons with disabilities
  • fitness instructor
  • biokineticist (with the necessary postgraduate qualification)
  • sport or life orientation teacher

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans or English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60%

Degree: BSc (Geinformatics)

Average starting salary of R11,983.08 a month

Possible Careers:

  • Geographical information science practitioner
  • Geography teacher
  • GIS and earth observation specialists working for environmental consultancy groups
  • planning and engineering firms
  • program development and computer consultancy groups on all levels of government involved in resource and infrastructure management
  • agencies concerned with natural and human resource development programs
  • mineral exploration and mining

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans or English (Home Language and First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60% OR 70% (depending on subject choices)

Degree: BSc (Chemistry)

Average starting salary of R12,416.67 a month

Possible Careers:

  • Polymer chemist, materials expert: Careers in packaging, paint, adhesives and textile industries
  • Analytical chemist: Planning and operation of chemical plants, development of analytical methods and production processes, marketing of chemicals and scientific instruments, physical science teacher, environmental scientist
  • Organic and biochemist: forensic analyst, manufacturer of pesticides, pharmaceutical products, cosmetic and fragrance products, chemist working in process and quality control of raw materials and manufactured products
  • Careers in textile industry: product developer, textile scientist, technical sales manager, production manager, quality manager, buyer, researcher

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans OR English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 50%

Degree: BSc (Earth Sciences)

Average starting salary of R13,276.75 a month

Possible Careers:

  • geologist and earth scientist
  • geologist
  • mining geologist
  • environmental rehabilitation engineer
  • physical science or geography teacher
  • exploration consultant
  • environmental geochemist
  • hydrologist
  • seismologist
  • rock expert
  • marine geologist
  • applied mineralogist
  • volcanologist
  • geophysicist

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans and English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Physical Sciences 50%
  • Mathematics 60% OR 70% (depending on your subject choices)

Degree: BSc (Physics)

Average starting salary of R19,997.92 a month

Possible Careers:

  • Nuclear physicist: Research opportunities at iThemba Labs, Eskom, CSIR, Sasol and SABS
  • Laser physicist: optical systems, communication, medicine, ecology, forensic science, defence
  • Radiation physicist: Monitoring of radiation risks for the Department of Health, nuclear power stations, mines
  • Theoretical physics: Work in broad fields of information technology, geology, biological and economic sciences

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans or English (Home Language or First Additional Language) 50%
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 50%

Degree: BSc (Mathematical Sciences)

Average starting salary of R25,000 a month

Possible Careers:

  • Applied mathematics: Consultant in the engineering industry, programmer, expert in modelling of dynamic processes, image processing, numerical methods and flow modelling in banking/engineering/computer industry.
  • Bio-mathematics: Pharmaceutical industry, government health organisations, agricultural and environmental sectors, researcher at an academic institution in molecular and systems biology, bioinformatics and ecology
  • Financial mathematics: banking, insurance and with investment institutions
  • Mathematical statistics: analyse and interpret data for banking and insurance industries, statistician, academic
  • Mathematics: banking, investment and insurance sectors, mathematics teacher
  • Operations research: Consultant, process or systems optimiser, logistics expert, project developer, planner, researcher, business analyst

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Afrikaans or English (Home Language and First Additional Language) 50%
  • Mathematics 60%

If Physics or Chemistry taken in university then :

  • Physical Sciences 50%

For the Biomathematics focus:

  • Physical Sciences 50%

Degree: BSc (Archaeology)

An average salary of R26,963 a month

Possible Careers:

  • field technician
  • project archaeologist
  • manager
  • academic archaeologist

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 60%

Degree: BSc (Computer Science)

Average starting salary of R11,791.66 a month

Possible Careers:

  • database administrator
  • games developer
  • IT consultant
  • systems developer
  • systems analyst

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 60%

Degree: BSc (Statistical Sciences)

Average starting salary of R20854.33 a month

Possible Careers:

  • statistician
  • actuary
  • risk analysis
  • trading
  • financial services
  • research

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 60%

Degree: BSc (Food Science)

Average starting salary of R13,861.17 a month

Possible Careers:

  • researcher
  • food and beverage quality manager

What you need to do to study this:

  • Write AQL and MAT NBT’s
  • Mathematics 70%
  • Physical Sciences 60%

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